What is a Cross Peen Hammer?
The Cross peen hammer, also known as cross pein hammers, are one of the most commonly used tools in blacksmithing. They are used to shape and form metal by striking it on an anvil, and are an essential tool for any blacksmith. In this article, we will discuss the features of cross peen hammers, their uses, and how to properly care for them.
Cross peen hammers have a flat face on one side and a tapered point on the other, which is known as the “peen”. The flat face is used for striking metal, while the tapered point is used for shaping and forming. The tapered point can be used to create curves and angles in metal, and is particularly useful for creating decorative details on metal surfaces.
Sizes and Weights
Cross peen hammers come in a variety of sizes and weights, from small, lightweight hammers that are ideal for intricate work. The size and weight of the hammer will depend on the type of metal being worked and the desired results. For example, a small cross peen hammer is ideal for working with thin sheet metal, while a larger hammer is better suited for forging heavy iron or steel.
The handle of a cross peen hammer is typically made of wood, and is designed to provide a comfortable grip for the blacksmith. The handle is an important feature of the hammer, as it helps to reduce the risk of injury and fatigue while working. It is important to choose a hammer with a handle that feels comfortable in your hand, as this will make it easier to work with.
What is a Cross Peen Hammer used for?
Cross peen hammers are used for a variety of tasks in blacksmithing, including:
Shaping and forming metal:
The flat face of the cross peen hammer is used for striking metal, while the tapered point is used for shaping and forming.
The tapered point can be used to create decorative details on metal surfaces, such as curves and angles.
Peening is a technique of work hardening metal by hammering it. The tapered point can be used to peen metal and make it stronger.
The tapered point can be used to flare the ends of rivets, securing the rivet in place.
Proper care and maintenance of cross peen hammers is essential for their longevity and safe use. After each use, blacksmiths should clean and oil their hammers, and store them in a dry place to prevent rust. Additionally, it is important to always use the appropriate hammer for the job, and to use caution when handling hot metal.
In conclusion, cross peen hammers are a versatile and essential tool for blacksmiths. They are used to shape and form metal, create decorative details, and peen metal. Proper care and maintenance of cross peen hammers will ensure they last for many years, and that they remain safe to use.
This post is part of The Forge Hub’s Blacksmithing Complete Guide & Directory.